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SPRINGFIELD TEXAS AREA HISTORY


The area that became Springfield, Texas was once the home of various Indian tribes dating back some ten thousand years. Although the tribes of the area in historic times (Tawakoni (Tehuacana) and Waco Indians)were generally regarded as friendly by the Anglo-Americans who began to settle among them during the early nineteenth century, their horse stealing ways were a continual source of annoyance to the anglo settlers.

Hunting parties of Caddo Indians from East Texas, also considered peaceful by the settlers, roved westward through the area in pursuit of buffalo. The territory of the future county also lay within the range of more hostile southern Wichita peoples, such as the Tawakonis and the Comanche Indians. Raids on the white settlements by small parties, typically seeking horses, seemed to become more frequent during the middle and late 1830s. In 1840, President Lamar sent the texas army to drive out all Indians (many were resettled in Oklahoma; others relocated their camps to Mexico).

FOUNDING OF SPRINGFIELD, LIMESTONE COUNTY, TEXAS (1838)

The area that became Springfield, and later county seat of Limestone County ( April 11, 1846)was situated in the north central part of Limestone County in what is now included in Fort Parker State Recreation Area. Springfield became a townsite in January of 1838 and was incorporated by the legislature in 1848.

The region around Springfield, was part of the Haden Edwards and Robert Leftwich empresario grants made by the Coahuila and Texas legislature in 1825. The government tried to restrict colonization through legislation, but settlers continued to stream into Texas claiming land grants in the area before 1836. Among these were Silas M. Parker, Moses Herrin, Elisha Anglin, Luther T. M. Plummer, David Faulkenberry, Joshua Hadley, and Samuel Frost, who came together as a group from Illinois in 1833 to establish a permanent settlement for their families.

Fort Parker, near the Navasota River in what is now central Limestone County, was the earliest actual settlement in the vicinity. While most of the men were out in the fields early on May 19, 1836, a large band of Comanches and their Kiowa allies approached the fort. After a short conversation under a flag of truce, the Indians attacked and killed most of the inhabitants. Several prisoners were taken, including Mrs. Rachel Plummer, who later wrote an account of her captivity, and nine-year-old Cynthia Ann Parker, who spent the next twenty-four years with the Comanches and married Peta Nocona. Their son, Quanah Parker, was a chief of the tribe.

SPRINGFIELD BECOMES COUNTY SEAT OF LIMESTONE COUNTY (1847)

On April 11, 1846, Limestone County was formed from Robertson County, and a week later Springfield was established as the county seat. Springfield had a population of 120 when it was incorporated in 1848. In 1873, however, when the courthouse burned and the Houston and Texas Central Railway bypassed the town, an election was ordered and Groesbeck became the county seat.

The organization of the county was completed on August 18, 1846, with the election of county officials. Limestone County originally included all the land between the Brazos and Trinity rivers on the east and west, and the land north of Robertson County to Navarro County. In 1848 part of northern and western Limestone County was taken to form McLennan and Falls counties, and in 1850 part of the eastern section was taken to form part of Freestone County. The boundaries were changed to their present form on November 2, 1866.

SPRINGFIELD POST OFFICE ESTABLISHED IN 1847

When Limestone County was established in 1847, Springfield became the county seat, and a post office was formerly assigned. The following year, Springfield was incorporated was incorporated by the legislature. By the early 1850s, Springfield had five general stores, two hotels, two schools, a newspaper, and a Masonic hall.

LOSS OF RAILROAD LEADS TO DOWNFALL OF SPRINGFIELD

In the early 1870s the Houston and Texas Central Railroad began negotiating to buy rights of way through Springfield. When residents held out for more money than the railroad company was willing to pay, the company decided to bypass Springfield altogether.

As a result of loosing the railroad, the settlement of Springfield lost much of its business to the nearby towns of Groesbeck and Mexia. Then after the courthouse at Springfield burned in 1873, Limestone County residents decided to make Groesbeck the county seat. With no railroad, no new businesses, and none of the prestige associated with being the county seat, Springfield faded, as its population was drawn to more vital communities. The post office was discontinued in 1878, and mail for the remaining residents was sent to Groesbeck. When the former townsite became part of Fort Parker State Park in the mid-1930s, only the cemetery remained.



EARLY-DAY RESIDENTS OF SPRINGFIELD

The Springfield 1860 Census listed Reuben Long, Druggist , Nancy Y. Long , N. W. Grant, School Teacher, and Louisa C. Long. Marcus Perry lived in Springfield, Limestone County, TX in 1860 with his father and two siblings. Marcus served in the Texas Cavalry in the Civil War. Nathan Worley Grant,a teacher in Springfield in the 1860's, served with Marcus Perry in the Civil War.



Other early settlers of the area, including Logan Stroud, the Anglins (Abram, Elisha, John, Moses, and William), John Baker, Seth Bates, William Burns, George W. Cox, Samuel Nelson, Forest Phifer, John D. Smith, and Alfonso Steele, were self-sufficient farmers.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jeff Towers, "Springfield: Buried with the Past," Texas Parks and Wildlife, February 1986. Ray A. Walter, A History of Limestone County (Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1959). Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone, and Leon Counties (Chicago: Lewis, 1893). Wayland P. Moody, A History of Education in Limestone County, Texas (M.A. thesis, Southern Methodist University, 1930). Hampton Steele, A History of Limestone County, 1833-1860 (Mexia, Texas: Mexia News, n.d.).

Springfield Cemetery Listing

The Springfield Cemetery is located South of Mexia off Hwy 14 and is located inside the current boundaries of Fort Parker State Park.


Brookins Dr N 1-24-1819 10-1854 "Born in Eastern N.Y.. Died in Texas by Mexican violence, slain for gold. He suffered much through life and murmured not."
Butler Willie B none none age 33 yrs 11 mo son of W Butler
Cole Amanda M 3-18-1830 11-5-1856 "wife of J N Cole Daughter of R.D. & M. Peeples. Born in Talapoose Co., Ala. Age 20 yrs,7 mo,17 da"
Cole John M 4-16-1853 12-12-1865 "son of J N & Amanda, was born in Limestone Co. 12 yrs, 7 mo, 12 da"

Coulson Burr none none (a servant buried in the Stroud lot)

Curry Kate none 1955
Curry Ben Sr 10-26-1885 8/15/1953
Curry James 2/22/1905 7/17/1917
Curry Joe none 3/31/1905

Hall Edward 11-20-1893 3/8/1920

Haynie Albert Emmet 12-20-1828 8-20-1851

House E F 2-24-1825 6/22/1917 Mother
House M D L 7-4-1825 3-4-1876 Father

Jefferson Mrs. Ella Mae 1911 1/11/1949

Johnson Roddie none 2/24/1935 Texas Pvt. 331 Serv. B. N.
Johnson Johnie Lyn 7/1/1910 10/23/1923
Johnson Willie 4/12/1900 2/7/1958
Johnson Willie Jr 6/28/1926 9/6/1964 Texas Seaman 1st Class USNR WWII
Johnson Ephraim 1824 9-26-1892 Husband of ________ Kelly Willie V 11/30/1914 1/10/1953 Texas Tec 5 323 Ord Ammo Co WWII

Lane Mary Marshael 5-21-1827 1854

Lynch Nathaniel H none 10-3-1849 "8 mo, 9 das Inf son Joseph & Mary"
Lynch Mary none 6-12-1852 "age 32 yr, 2 mo, 22 da. Wife of Joseph P Lynch"
Lynch Joseph Penn 1810 1860 Born in Kentucky-- A private and Capt in the Army of the Republic of Texas. Served in the San Jacinto Campaign in 1836. Died at Springfield.

Mathews Everlin 5/15/1907 11/22/1947

McCullough Died 11-4-1891 In memory of daughter

McElroy Robert Emmett 6-9-1831 3-21-1856 "Son of John and
Elizabeth McElroy. Born in Calsba, Dallas Co., Ala. Married Bettie Pendergast, Nov 29, 1855 in Limestone Co. Texas"

Moore Lela 4-26-1887 12-26-1894

Morris Laura 10-4-1824 11-17-1898 wife of Thomas L.
Morris T L 9-17-1823 5-30-1891
Morris Willie W 1-19-1867 6-21-1867 son of T.L. & Laura
Morris Mary T 7-17-1856 6-5-1867 dau of T.L. & Laura
Morris Infants none none Infs of T.L. & Laura

Nettles Fannie 1854 11-1894
Nettles Anna 1-16-1888 12-20-1894 dau of D & B Nettles

Peeples R D 9-2-1804 5-7-1861 born in Green Co. Georgia

Proctor Eva 12-14-1884 6/26/1955 Mother

Rhodes Conrad Jr 7/27/1943 9/11/1964 Texas Pvt. US Army
Rhodes James O 5/29/1925 11/11/1953 Texas Sgt. 3677 O.M. Truck Co. WWII
Rhodes Ezekiel 1-4-1883 12/19/1951

Roberts Antonia M 3-29-1849 9-28-1869 Dau of H.M. & F.

Row John S 5-28-1837 12-27-1874

Sanders Johnah 5-15-1894 1/1/1960 * double marker
Sanders Conrid 1/12/1900 11/2/1948 * double marker

Shackelford Mrs John 10-14-1831 1-12-1863
Smith Lula 10-15-1888 10-8-1890

Stroud Logan Almoren 10-10-1814 2/5/1911 born in Morgan Co. Georgia
Stroud Jane E Harlan 12-21-1823 2/1/1905 His wife--born in Laurance Dis. S.C.
Stroud William M 1-5-1853 8-5-1877 son of L.A. & J.E.
Stroud Ethan 2-10-1848 4-22-1870 Eldest son of L.A. and J.E.Stroud
Stroud Little Owen none 7-11-1865 "1 yr, 1 mo, 2 das"
Stroud Little Suda none 11-4-1864 age 8 mo

Tiebout Mary Anne 6-26-1834 2-10-1853 "Born in Jiles Co Tenn Wife of Henry Tiebout, dau of Samuel & Eliza

R Montgomery" Tranmel Boy 11-23-18995 2/24/1912 son of Dailey & Beulah Tranmel
Tranmel Beulah 4-1-1875 10/23/1923

Walker Sanders 5-11-1818 4-3-1887 A veteran of the Texas War for Independence 1835-1836 (erected by the State 1962)
Walker William 10-5-1848 9-29-1870
Walker Lucretia 6-11-1822 4-10-1864 Wife of Sanders Walker
Walker Mary 7-29-1868 8-27-1896 wife of J.M. Walker Mary 1821 7-15-1868 second wife of Sanders Walker



This is a work in progress. Bookmark this page and come back often. If you have old photographs or family history relating to the Deanville area, please email me a copy and I'll include your photos on this webpage.
Thanks

Leonard Kubiak






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LEONARD KUBIAK's ONLINE TEXAS HISTORY WEBPAGES




NATIONAL HISTORY

History of Thanksgiving.
History of the Hesston Belt Buckle.
Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the U.S.





TEXAS HISTORY

History of the Texas Region from The Dynasaur Era to Historic Times.
How Texas Got It's Name.
Old 300 Anglo Settlers in Texas.
Will Goyens, early-day Texian
Sam Houston
History of the Texas Revolution.
Texas Declaration of Independence (1836).
Jim Bowie, Hero of the Alamo
William Travis, Hero of the Alamo
Goliad Massacre(1836)
Battle of the Alamo (1836)
Battle of San Jacinto
Officers and Men in the Texas Revolution
Important Documents of Early-Day Texas
General Santa Anna
Indian Captive Cynthia Ann Parker
Military Forts in Early Day Texas
History of the Republic of Texas
General George Custer
Generals Robert E. Lee and U.S. Grant
Letters by Early-Day Texas Settlers.
Governor John Conally
State Representative Daniel James Kubiak
Jean Kubiak Cundieff Memorial Page


BAILEY COUNTY HISTORY

History of Muleshoe, Hurley, Virginia City, Bailey County, Texas



BURLESON COUNTY HISTORY


History of Deanville, Burleson County, Texas

History of Burleson County, Texas




BURNET COUNTY HISTORY

History of Gabriel Mills, Cedar Mills and Bertram, Texas



FALLS COUNTY HISTORY

History of Busksnort and Marlin, Texas
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History of Cedar Springs, Wilderville, and Rosebud

Pleasant Grove, Falls County, Tx Webpage
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Former Residents of Reagan, Texas
Former Students and Teachers of Reagan, Texas
Fond Memories of Life in Reagan
History of Alto Springs
History of Long Branch
History of Blue Ridge
History of North Blue Ridge (Stranger)




FALLS COUNTY CEMETERY LISTINGS

North Blue Ridge (Stranger)Settlement History and Cemetery
Blueridge History and Cemetery Roll
Mustang Prairie Settlement History and Cemetery Listing
History of Cedar Springs, Pleasant Grove, & Wilderville, and cemetery Listings
Waite (Reagan)Cemetery Listing
Blue Ridge (Reagan)Cemetery Listing
Hog Island (Reagan) Cemetery Listing
Johnson (Reagan)Cemetery Listing
Powers/McCaleb(Reagan)Cemetery Listing




HALL COUNTY


Memphis History and Homepage
Turkey History and Homepage



LEE COUNTY HISTORY

History of Tanglewood



LIMESTONE COUNTY HISTORY
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MILAM COUNTY HISTORY

History of Milam County
History of Rockdale, Thorndale, Bushdale
History of Gause
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History and Listing of Rockdale IOOF Cemetery

History of Jones Prairie



ROBERTSON COUNTY HISTORY

History of Bremond
History of Wootan Wells
History of Calvert
Jewish Settlers of Early-Day Calvert


WILLIAMSON COUNTY HISTORY

Leander & Bagdad, Williamson County, Texas Home Page
Liberty Hill, Williamson County, Texas Home Page
Prehistoric History of the Liberty Hill Region
Liberty Hill Settlement in the 1850's
History of the Liberty Hill Stage Coach Stop (1852)
Liberty Hill -Then and Now
The Founding of New Liberty Hill (1882)
Historic Liberty Hill Cemetery Listing.
History of Cedar Park




HISTORY OF TRANSPORTATION

History of Trains in Texas



INDIAN RELEATED HISTORY

Indian Treaty Signed With the Comanches, Kiowas, and Apaches in 1867
The Story of Cynthia Ann Parker.
History of the Tarahumara Indians, a primitive tribe living in modern times.


OLD WEST RELATED HISTORY

Another true life tale of life in Early-Day texas
Famous Sam Bass Outlaw Gang
History of the Cowboy and Cattle Drives in Early-Day texas
History of The Western Stagecoach
Cowboys of the Silver Screen.



MISCELLEANEOUS HISTORY

History of Thanksgiving.
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Copyright 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006. All rights reserved by Leonard Kubiak, P.O. Box 1479, Cedar Park, Texas 78630 (Phone: 512 630 4619). Fort Tumbleweed™ and forttumbleweed™ are trademarks of Leonard Kubiak. No Part of this Website nor any of it's contents may be reproduced in any manner without written permission.

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